Skills have become the key driver for professional success and personal well-being. Proper investment in training and skills will prevent people from becoming socially excluded. Moreover, skills development is an essential tool for economic growth, employment, productivity and improved living conditions.

According to the OECD, the concept of skills can be defined as the collection of knowledge, skills and attributes that can be learned and which enable individuals to effectively and consistently perform a given activity or task.

The OECD’s Skills Strategy report offers countries a framework for analysing their strengths and weaknesses in this area. Countries such as Spain can use the report as a basis for taking specific actions according to the 3 pillars that make up a national skills system:

  1. Developing relevant skills
  2. Activating these skills in the labour market
  3. Using these skills effectively in the economy and society

The diagnostic report identifies the 12 skills challenges facing each country. In the case of Spain, these challenges have been identified through various workshops with national and regional governments and stakeholders as well as through the analysis of available OECD, European Commission and national data:

Developing relevant labour market skills:

  1. Improving the skills of students in compulsory education
  2. Ensuring students in higher education develop high quality and job-relevant skills
  3. Improving the skills of low-skilled adults

Activating skills supply:

  1. Removing regulatory and tax barriers to hiring. Reintegrating unemployed people through targeted job-activation strategies
  2. Reintegrating the unemployed through policies and strategies that support job seekers
  3. Improving the transition of youth from education to stable employment.

Using skills effectively:

  1. Making full use of skills in the workplace to strengthen productivity and competitiveness.
  2. Leveraging highly skilled individuals and universities to foster innovation and increase productivity and growth.

Strengthening Spain’s skills system:

  1. Improving and expanding access to high-quality learning and labour market information.
  2. Establishing closer collaborative relationships to improve skills outcomes.
  3. Financing a more effective and efficient skills system.
  4. Strengthening governance of the skills system.
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